Nail Technician - Public Health
From a public health aspect, the profession of hand and foot care, as well as artificial nail building belongs under the control of the NPHMOS (National Public Health and Medical Office Service). This institution controls the maintenance of laws and orders related to public health. In case of irregularity, it imposes a fine, or it may take more serious sanctions (closing down the business).
Nail Technician - Workplace
Setting up premises and keeping them clean:
Each workplace requires a 6 m2 floorspace for both hand and foot care. The minimum internal height is 2,5m, a toilet and a wash-basin have to be installed. It is necessary to provide a locker for employees. The floor and the wall should be gap-free up to the height of 1,5m having a surface that can be easily cleaned and sterilized (floor-tile, glazed tile, washable paint). The painted walls should be repainted every 2 or 3 years (whitewashed walls once a year).
Nail Technician - Sterilization
Sterilization is a microbicide process that deals with destroying pathogens as well as eliminating their virulence. Applying this fast, convenient and cost-saving method in saloons satisfies hygienic requirements. Sterilization always completes cleanliness but never substitutes it.
First of all, mechanical stains (skin remains, dirt, etc.) have to be removed from tools by washing them under running water and brushing them, after that comes the sterilization which means eliminating pathogens. Pathogens are viruses (microscopic-sized parasites without cytoblast that live in cells), bacteria („little organisms” that are larger than viruses, and are reproduced very fast) and funguses (thready or proliferous plant- like parasites which reproduce with spores in warm, wet and dark environments).