Nail Technician – Sterilization
Sterilization is a microbicide process that deals with destroying pathogens as well as eliminating their virulence. Applying this fast, convenient and cost-saving method in saloons satisfies hygienic requirements. Sterilization always completes cleanliness but never substitutes it.
First of all, mechanical stains (skin remains, dirt, etc.) have to be removed from tools by washing them under running water and brushing them, after that comes the sterilization which means eliminating pathogens. Pathogens are viruses (microscopic-sized parasites without cytoblast that live in cells), bacteria („little organisms” that are larger than viruses, and are reproduced very fast) and funguses (thready or proliferous plant- like parasites which reproduce with spores in warm, wet and dark environments).
Special disinfectants are available for surface sterilization (for weekly cleanings: chair, hand rest, table, foot-stool, soaking basins, etc.) for skin sterilization (with antiseptic liquid soap, skin disinfectant spray) for sterilizing wounds (bleeding wounds) and for implement sterilization (explained below).
IMPLEMENTS HAVE TO BE STERILIZED BEFORE AND AFTER ALL GUESTS IN FAVOUR OF AVOIDING THE DANGER OF INFECTION!
1. Chemic or chemical disinfectants which prevent the development of infections – e.g. by killing or by blocking their metabolic process.
It is always required to rinse with water and to dry after chemical sterilization.
- Sterilizing fluids – we use them in the form of liquid or aerosol poured into the antiseptic basin. Some disinfectants block the growing of pathogens and some destroy them.
- Solid disinfectants are generally used after dissolving them in water. E.g.: para-formaldehyde tablet, neomagnol tablet, bleaching powder.
- Gaseous disinfectants are suitable for sterilizing parts of places (e.g. gas case) or entire places in evaporated or atomized state. E.g.: para-formaldehyde and formaldehyde gas, hydrogen cyanide gas, chlorine gas. It is required to air after using it.
2. Physical sterilization: is generally implement sterilization.
- With heat-energy occurs in extreme temperature – with wet heat : by boiling, cooking or steaming – with dry-heat: with flowing of hot heat or burning.
- With radiant energy: using U.V. or ultra-violet radiation, infra-red rays or high -frequency ultrasound.
3. Combined sterilization: with simultaneous, common use of the chemical+physical+mechanical effects (e.g. antiseptic washes or washing- ups).